Understanding Applied Behavior Analysis Alabama
Most anyone having studied, or working in the fields of psychiatry and psychology have most likely heard of B. F. Skinner, Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. While originally known as “Behavior Modification, ” part of Skinner’s theory, applied behavior analysis Alabama refers to the transformation of negative behavioral issues. To learn more about psychology and ABA, two organizations, edX and Coursera offer free online classes from a number of universities.
There are two aspects to this theory, one being scientific which existed in the earlier practice developed by Dr. Skinner. The other, being the relationship between negative behavioral issues and the environment. If an animal or individual is acting out because of environmental factors, the resolution is often quite simple compared to those of a scientific nature.
In eliminating environmental factors, analysts can then research other connections which might be causing negative behavior. In some cases, individuals may need to visit a professional to obtain a diagnosis. Whether biological or scientific, the application works to bridge a communication gap which can often occur as part of the process.
Use of this theory can be applied to a number of animals as well as people. Specific principles apply when using this approach with animals. These are positive reinforcement, negative reinforcement, positive punishment and negative punishment. Reinforcements that can range from treats for positive behaviors to punishment for negative ones.
While the emphasis of the application is to change socially significant behaviors from negative to more positive ones, it’s not always easy. When using these methods, it is important to always reward good behaviors, especially when having previously disciplined the subject for negative ones. Otherwise, the recipient can not always determine desired behaviors from those which are inappropriate.
When establishing alternatives for problematic issues, reinforcements need be provided on an ongoing basis. For example, when training an animal, it is imperative to always reward positive change. Whereas, it is imperative to also punish negative behavioral issues. Otherwise, it can be difficult for an animal to distinguish between a desired or problematic response. Whether animal or human, most often positive and negative reinforcements will be required over time.
For this reason, animal trainers and pet owners may want to use conditioned re-enforcers over time. One of these includes using a clicker to bridge the communication gap between animal and human interaction. For example, it can often be difficult to train some dog breeds to walk on a leash. By using a clicker, or making a clicking sound and saying “with me, ” a dog can become much better at walking along side an owner or pet-sitter.
The primary aspects of this theory are discrimination, deciding when and when not to provide positive or negative reinforcement. By using these methods appropriately, individuals can help eliminate socially significant negative behavioral issues. While only slightly different from behavior modification theory, ABA provides a short cut to determining cause and providing resolutions to these and other behavioral based issues.
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