Life During The Victorian Era

April 10, 2016 by  
Filed under Education

Every country has its own history that defines its past and shapes the future and Britain is not exempted. The Victorian Era (VE) refers to a period in the British history when Queen Victoria reigned over the land. The exact period runs from the 20th day of June, 1837 when the queen started reigning until when she died on the 22nd day of January 1901. The era was a long period characterized by refined sensibilities, prosperity, peace, and national self-confidence for the British kingdom.

In literature and social history, Victorianism studies late-Victorian cultures and attitudes with focus being given to the exceedingly moralistic behavior and the straitlaced language. This era came after the Georgian period and preceded the Edwardian period. A rough overlap occurred between the latter half of the VE and former portion of Belle Epoque period in continental Europe.

Peak power was attained by Britain during the long reign of Queen Victoria. Some of the areas in which peak power was attained include politics, culture, economy, and diplomacy. The second British Empire expanded a lot and no major wars were fought at the time. The term golden years have often been used by researchers to characterize the middle years of the VE. Per capita incomes rose by 50 percent during the period.

Increased industrialization in the economy was the source of the continued prosperity that Britain had during the reign of Queen Victoria. Industrialization occurred in industries like machinery. Engineering, education, textiles, and export among others. British merchants made huge profits from global networks they created which allowed export of products.

There was peace abroad as well as at home. The Crimean war was the only war fought during the VE and it went on for only two years, ending in 1856. Opposition against the new social order quieted. Cooperative societies and unions were developed by the working class. Employers provided welfare service to their workers in many forms including housing, libraries, gymnasia, schools, baths, and churches.

The spirit of libertarianism filled the entire kingdom as people felt like they were totally free. The government imposed minimal restrictions and taxes were at the lowest levels. However, there were still some riots that were motivated by anti-Catholicism. Aristocracy and gentry still ruled the society. Gentry and aristocracy ruled both houses of parliament, the military, the church, and high government offices. Inheriting a title was still more prestigious than being a rich business person.

Demographic increase in Britain during this period was unprecedented. The population was 13.9 million in the year 1831 and by 1901 it had risen to 32.5 million. Britain became the first country in the world to undergo the Demographic transition as well as Industrial and Agricultural Revolutions. The Industrial Revolution impacted lives positively by increasing income and creating more jobs for the people.

Progress and science were among the many things that Victorians were impressed a lot by. They were obsessed with improving their technology. At the time, they were leading in advanced technology and engineering. They made great improvements to communication, designed and made trains and rail ways. With railways, trade and communication were greatly facilitated.

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Main Events To Occur During The Victorian Era

March 17, 2016 by  
Filed under Education

During the rule of Queen Victoria, the Great Britain experienced very many record marking events. Due to the leadership of this great ruler, these times were characterized by peace, national self confidence, refined sensibilities and immense success. Known as the Victorian era, times between 1837 and 1901 were quite evolutionary for England and the world at large. People had a change from rationalism to romanticism and mysticism in religion, social values and art as well.

This time experienced several massive changes and major history marking events. Among them was the Irish potato famine. Also known as, the great famine, the Irish potato famine was an occurrence historians cannot dare to forget. This catastrophe was triggered when microorganisms cleaned out potato crops from Irish farms. Being a staple food for the Irish, this caused a famine that lead to the death of up to one million people. In addition to that, several others had to emigrate. The famine took place between 1845 and 1852.

The work of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels also took people by storm. These two people created the Communist Manifesto. Upon publication, this declaration caused a lot of turmoil. It affected the political ideology that people used to run communities at that time. It further led industrialization and hence migration of people from rural to urban areas in search for employment opportunities. His created a feeling of worker solidarity.

Later on in time, the Great Exhibition took place. This event was hosted in the magnificent crystal palace. During this exhibition, people from all parts of the world highlighted new and advanced technologies. The event was operational for up to five months. Revelers said that the exhibition came to represent the accomplishments of the Victoria era. Five years later in 1856, the Crimean war kicked off. This war was triggered by the victory of Russian military over the Ottoman Empire.

The Big Ben had no direct social, political or economic impact on the community. It however had its significance as the most celebrated landmark in London. After being cast, this bell was fixed into the Elizabeth tower. This monumental structure has ever since become a symbolic representation of the United Kingdom and London.

In 1857, after being threatened by the Indian rebellion, the British East Indian Company handed control over India back to the crown. An era of Imperial rule prevailed for several years. This was before the works of Mahatma Gandhi. The nonviolent crusade led by Gandhi brought this time to end as India gained its independence.

Just as we have Internet recently, the Victorian times used telegraph cables. By that time, these were very effective communication tools that turned the country into a small area. These cables were installed along the Atlantic Ocean and run from Nova Scotia to Venetia Island in the western. This system provided fast communication to a greater part of the globe.

The origin of species by Charles Darwin also played its part in making this Victoria era a remarkable one. Darwin published his theory that the species on earth have simply evolved from other simpler creatures over millions of years. This quite contracted the religious perspective of things and hence caused many controversies.

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Tips For Researchers Of The Victorian Era

February 19, 2016 by  
Filed under Education

From its music to architecture to culture, Victorian times continue to fascinate people today. This guide includes a range of resources to help you to research the Victorian era. Whether you are interested in fashion, culture or history, there are many resources now available which can help you to learn more.

One of the most traditional means of doing research is through a public library and this is still a very effective tool. For example, you can find a great range of publications currently available in libraries which related to photography, customs and other aspects of this period. Even if the item you want is not available, it could be possible to obtain it by using the inter library loan system.

In addition, there are a variety of sellers of antiques which may offer you a surprising array of tools. For instance, if you want to learn more about household items from the era, these can often be found through antique sellers. They provide a glimpse of everyday life, a valuable insight for those interested in the Victorian period.

The Internet has been a great tool for consolidating a wealth of diverse historical resources. Online you can find many official archives which are available to the public. For example, many libraries are offering parts of their collection to peruse online.

In addition there are may galleries and museums which are using the Internet as a means of providing educational material. These are a great convenient and low cost way to see images of Victorian paintings and art. Many of these institutions have websites where you can search for relevant material easily by typing in a few key terms.

A useful tip is to focus your search to allow you to find out more about the aspect of Victorian culture that you are interested in. One way to do this is to seek out the appropriate websites and institutions. For instance, those who want to know more about clothing may find much useful information by visiting fashion museums.

The very interesting thing about this period in history is that it ushered in many advances in production and manufacturing. That means there is a wealth of objects which have produced during this time which survive. These are portals to history, allowing you to get a glimpse of how things were. You can find many of these items in places you might not have expected, for example for sale at thrift stores and yard sales.

For more practical tips on this topic, there are a host of resources available on the Internet. For instance, there are many blogs online which focus on this era and which provide a host of useful links and listings. You can also find magazines and related publications which focus on this period. These sources may include articles about the history and customs of the Victorian period. They also often include profiles of related galleries and businesses. Remember that it is important to do careful research particularly if you plan to purchase services or items because unfortunately there are some inauthentic sources around. Carefully checking the authenticity and accuracy of vendors you encounter, as well as ensuring they are safe should be a primary priority.

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